Belle Dame Blanche


Photo : Сергей Галищев  (Sergey Galishchev)

Voici la traduction en englais d’un livre Russe :

Н.К. АРЕНДТ, кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук
Ялта, 1972

Je tiens a remercier Serguey Galishchev pour son aide et pour sa passion des figuiers.

White Lady (Belle dame blanche).

It was received from France (the company Barbier in New Orleans) in 1918. Synonym – Hoileuse blanche (Arendt, 1939). According to the description of Starnza and Monroy (1907) varieties of Belle dame, Bonne dame also, apparently, are synonymous of varieties Belle dame blanche. Brunswick is other variety just the opposite to indicated by Condit (1955).
There are single plants of this variety could be found in the south our country as Nikita garden at different times gave toscientific organizations, resorts, individuals and in some cases more than 1,500 cuttings. Variety is briefly described by Starnzom and Monroy (1907). Description of it is missing in Soviet literature. Only Chernenko (1940) gives phenological observations of this variety in one year and data accounting for harvest in two years in Sochi. Under the conditions of the Crimea gives one yield per year. The number of fruit per tree at the age of 8-9 years are 500-600.
The average yield of the tree is not more than 40-45 kg. The variety is partially partenocarpic. Under optimal growing conditions the variety can produce fruit without pollination in the Crimea, but it is not often happens. Fruit with seeds is resistant to fungal diseases. Maturation is relatively unanimous (30-40 days) from third decade of August until mid – end of September.
Trees are of medium size with a slightly raised, well-rounded crown. Annual shoots 1.2-1.3 cm thick, bright, greenish-gray with round, densely yellow lenticels on the nodes. Cylindrical fruit (inflorescence) is on rather short thick legs, with bulging eyes, ribbed, light green. The leaves are small, with five lobes, incised by two-thirds, from top to glossy, green, bottom mat, light green. Petioles are long and thin (0,4-0,35 cm). The blades are narrow; the top three – long, extended at the ends, the bottom two – short. Base of the leaves is flat or slightly heart-shaped, serrated edge blades at the top or crenate.
Fruit size is 5,6X4,5 cm, weighing up to 50 grams with legs 0.6-1 cm shiny, ribbed, with light greenish-golden skin covered on the edges of a light-brown tan, sometimes without it. Peel dense, thick. The flesh is light pink, almost white, oily, sweet. Evaluation of fresh fruits is 3 + 4 points. When drying fruit yield can be received mediocre quality dried fruit (2 + 3 points). The total content of sugars in fresh fruits is 13% in 1934 and 18% – in 1951. The variety is good for fresh fruit.

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